Each country typically sets its own trademark registration rules and protections. However, there are agreements allowing a single application to register a trademark across multiple jurisdictions. Examples include the European Union Trade Mark (EUTM) used within the EU, and the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property covering Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. The Madrid System simplifies global registration through one application, while organizations like the African Intellectual Property Organization offer regional protections. These arrangements facilitate broader trademark protection for owners conducting business in multiple countries or regions.