What is the function of the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)?

The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) operates as a fee-funded entity under the US Department of Commerce, deriving its revenue from user fees. Mandated by Article 1, Section 8 of the US Constitution, the USPTO's role is to foster scientific innovation and grant exclusive ownership rights to creators and inventors through patents, as well as oversee the commercial rights associated with trademarks.

Upon thorough examination and subsequent approval, the USPTO registers a trademark or service mark on either the Principal or Supplemental Register, based on the mark's distinctiveness. The agency plays a crucial role in facilitating interstate and international commerce, functioning in collaboration with trademark authorities at the state level in the United States.

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